Dental plaques are a sticky, transparent film composed of food and bacteria that is constantly formed on the teeth. A daily routine, which includes precise brushing and flossing, is essential for the prevention of dental plaques. If dental plaques are not removed, they mineralize within two days due to ingredients in the saliva. This hard substance is called tartar. Bacteria that are present in the dental plaques discharge acids and other poisons. Acids cause the formation of tooth decay, while toxins in association with the immune response of the organism cause the inflammation and deterioration of periodontal tissues. While we can remove the soft plaques ourselves, the tartar is so hard that it can only be removed with professional cleaning. Dental plaques accumulate even faster on the tartar and if it is not removed, it will spread under the gum to the root of the tooth. After professional cleaning and tooth polishing, you not only have clean but also smoother teeth, which allows you to better maintain oral hygiene at home.
The Process of Tartar Removal
First, by means of an ultrasonic instrument, the tartar is roughly removed. The active part of the instrument is a hot tip, which is never directly pointed at the tooth surface. During the process, water flows from the tip, which enables the removal of the tartar and at the same time maintains the appropriate temperature.
The next phase is sandblasting. With a special apparatus (a sandblaster), which discharges water and baking soda under pressure, we remove all decaying and soft plaques that remain on the surfaces of the teeth and between them.
When the tartar and dental plaques are removed, the polishing of the teeth follows, which additionally smooths the surface of the teeth.