Wisdom tooth removal is a surgical procedure in which a wisdom tooth is extracted. Because of the imbalance between the size of the jaws and teeth, there are often problems with the growth of wisdom teeth and the placement of these teeth in the dental line. The tooth can remain ingrown in the bone (the tooth is completely covered by bone and the mucous membrane), partially ingrown (part of the tooth sticks out into the oral cavity) or it completely grows out. Ingrown teeth do not usually cause issues and in most cases extraction is not necessary. The issues are mostly caused by partially ingrown teeth. With these teeth, only a part of the crown is visible in the oral cavity, which is why a gum pocket is created here. Food gets caught in this pocket that is difficult or impossible to remove. Bacteria develop in the pocket, causing inflammation around the tooth. Because of the proximity of vital structures, this inflammation can quickly turn into a severe form. An extraction may also be necessary due to the formation of a cyst from a tooth follicle that surrounds the partially ingrown tooth.
The procedure is performed under local anaesthesia and is painless. After the procedure, moderate swelling, limited opening of the mouth and difficulty in swallowing may occur. Postoperative problems disappear within a few days after the procedure.