The most common cause of periodontal disease is the presence of soft and hard dental plaques on the surface of the tooth. Systemic diseases and certain medicines can increase the body's response to the presence of these plaques. Very rarely, a periodontal disease is caused by factors that are not associated with dental plaques.
It is essential to mechanically remove soft and hard plaques in a patient in whom we detect the presence of inflammation, while at the same time removing the factors that contribute to the accumulation of the plaques, which make the patient unable to perform proper oral hygiene (overhangs and edges of prosthetic substitutes, ...). This way, gingivitis is fully cured and does not cause permanent damage to the periodontal tissues. With periodontitis, besides the inflammation of the gums, permanent damage to the periodontal tissues occurs and can no longer be recovered to the original normal state. The important fact is that with appropriate treatment, the progression of the disease can be completely stopped, thus preventing the further deterioration of periodontal tissues.
Ultrasound is the most common and most effective method for removing hard dental plaques. It consists of a metal tip with a handle that vibrates with an ultrasonic frequency. It is highly efficient in removing dental plaques, and at the same time the intervention is minimally invasive for the tooth surface and painless for the patient.
In advanced forms of diseases, laser treatment is used in addition to the basic forms of mechanical removal, which additionally contributes to the success of stopping the progression of the disease. At our clinic, we use both soft and hard tissue lasers. The procedures are effective and painless.
In more substantial and complex cases, the desired result can be achieved with periodontal surgery. This is a spectrum of various surgical techniques, from which those that are most suitable for the given situation are used. The procedures are painless and require a minimal recovery time.